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February 4, 2020 BlogCardiovascular

The old saying goes: Men are from Mars and Women are from Venus. This exaggeration is- well… an exaggeration, but there are some differences between male and female heart health that causes an inkling of truth to shine out through the expression. The most common kind of heart disease, among both men and women, is coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease is caused when cholesterol plaque is built up inside the arteries, and if left untreated coronary artery disease can obstruct blood flow to the heart muscle and lead to a heart attack.

When experiencing a heart attack, the individual will usually experience chest pain, shortness of breath, and pain in their left arm, but these symptoms are not universal. Remember when we were talking about the differences between men and women? Women are more likely to experience uncommon heart attack symptoms than men are! These symptoms can include indigestion, pain in both arms, unusual fatigue and abdominal discomfort. Physicians are still uncertain why women are more likely to experience unusual symptoms. There are some theories about hormonal changes and the difference in valve and vessel sizes, but for the most part it is still unknown.

Lowering your risk of a heart attack, however, is not a mystery. Research shows staying active, eating healthy, and monitoring your blood pressure and cholesterol levels regularly leads to decreased cardiovascular risk.  Research also shows that individuals involved in clinical research have better health care outcomes than those who are not.

We are currently enrolling in studies that may help you lower important factors like elevated triglycerides and cholesterol which may help lower your risk of cardiovascular events.

 

References:

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/heart_vascular_institute/centers_excellence/womens_cardiovascular_health_center/patient_information/health_topics/menopause_cardiovascular_system.html
https://www.lahey.org/article/differences-between-mens-and-womens-hearts/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3018605/
https://www.clinicaltrials.gov


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February 5, 2019 BlogCardiovascular

What causes a heart attack?

A heart attack (myocardial infarction) means that blood flow to the heart muscle has been decreased enough to cause damage to the heart muscle.  Some causes of blocked blood flow include blood clots, cholesterol build up, and rupture of plaque within the blood vessel.  For those who have already suffered a heart attack, it is important to reduce the risk of recurrent attacks. Research has shown that there are several steps that can be taken to help reduce the risk of recurrent heart attacks.

 

Proven things you can do to prevent heart attacks

  • Lower cholesterol
  • Lower triglycerides
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Stop smoking and avoid secondhand smoke
  • Eat fish
  • Increase physical activity as allowed by your doctor. Inactive people have nearly twice the risk of heart disease as those who are active.
  • Talk with your doctor about medicines that can decrease blood clotting

 

Medications that can reduce risk of heart attack

  • Cholesterol lowering medication, which include statins and non-statins
  • Triglyceride lowering medications
  • Medications that decrease inflammation

 

Current research is underway to study improving health after a heart attack

  • Weight loss: Heart attack is three times higher in those who are obese than in those who are lean.
  • New medications for those with unique cholesterol metabolizing problems.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications targeting inflammation in blood vessels.

 

At ENCORE Research Group we have clinical research studies for many of the risk factors mentioned above. Participating in a research study can help keep you motivated on your journey to better health. If you are interested in participating in any of our research studies, call your local office today!

 

 


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As a proven clinical research organization, we take every precaution to assure the safety of and maximize the value for our research volunteers. Qualified doctors, nurses and study coordinators on staff provide support and care throughout the research trial. Participation is always voluntary. We appreciate the time and effort that research volunteers bring to this important process.

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